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An Ecological Approach to the Design of UAV Ground Control Station (GCS) Status DisplaysUse of UAVs in military and commercial applications will continue to increase. However, there has been limited research devoted to UAV GCS design. The current study employed an ecological approach to interfac e design. Ecological Interface Design (EID) can be characterized as r epresenting the properties of a system, such that an operator is enco uraged to use skill-based behavior when problem solving. When more ef fortful cognitive processes become necessary due to unfamiliar situations, the application of EID philosophy supports the application of kn owledge-based behavior. With advances toward multiple UAV command and control, operators need GCS interfaces designed to support understan ding of complex systems. We hypothesized that use of EID principles f or the display of UAV status information would result in better opera tor performance and situational awareness, while decreasing workload. Pilots flew a series of missions with three UAV GCS displays of statu s information (Alphanumeric, Ecological, and Hybrid display format). Measures of task performance, Situational Awareness, and workload dem onstrated the benefits of using an ecological approach to designing U AV GCS displays. The application of ecological principles to the design of UAV GCSs is a promising area for improving UAV operations.
Document ID
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Dowell, Susan (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Morphew, Ephimia (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Shively, Jay (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2003
Subject Category
Aircraft Design, Testing and Performance
Meeting Information
AUV SI(Baltimore, MD)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.