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Model-Data Assimilation of Internal Waves during ASIAEX-2001In recent Asian Seas International Acoustics Experiment (ASIAEX), extensive moorings have been deployed around the continental shelf break area in the northeast of South China Sea in May 2001. Simultaneous RADARSAT SAR images have been collected during the field test to integrate with the in-situ measurements from moorings, ship-board sensors, and CTD casts. Besides it provides synoptic information, satellite imagery is very useful for tracking the internal waves, and locating surface fronts and mesoscale features. During ASIAEX in May 2001, many large internal waves were observed at the test area and were the major oceanic features for acoustic volume interaction. Based on the internal wave distribution maps compiled from satellite data, the wave crest can be as long as 200 km with amplitude of 100 m. Environmental parameters have been calculated based on extensive CTD casts data near the ASIAEX area. Nonlinear internal wave models have been applied to integrate and assimilate both SAR and mooring data. Using SAR data in deep water as an initial condition, numerical simulations produce the wave evolution on the continental shelf and compared reasonably well with the mooring measurements at the downstream station. The shoaling, turning, and dissipation of large internal waves on the shelf break, elevation solitons, and wave-wave interaction have been studied and are very important issues for acoustic propagation. The internal wave effects on acoustic modal coupling has been implicated and discussed.
Document ID
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Liu, Antony (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Zhao, Yun-He (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Tang, T. Y. (National Taiwan Univ. of Science and Technology Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China)
Ramp, Steven R. (Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 7, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2003
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.

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