Mars: Detaching of the Free Water Signature (FWS) Presence Regions on the Base of HEND/ODYSSEY Data and Their Correlation with Some Permafrost Features from MOC DataThe first results from global mapping of the neutron albedo from Mars by HEND instrument have shown the noticeable deficit of both the epithermal (EN) and the fast (FN) neutrons counts rate in the high latitudes regions of both hemispheres of the planet. The deficit is indicative for high enriching of the surface regolith by hydrogen, which may correspond to amount of any water phases and forms. The objectives of our study are the spatial and temporal variations of the free water (ice) signature in the Martian surface layer on the base of HEND/ODYSSEY data and their correlation with spatial spreading of some permafrost features, mapped on the base of MOC images. For the study we used the results of the global mapping (pixel 5 x5 ) of EN and FN albedo, realized by HEND/ODYSSEY in the period from 17 February to 10 December 2002 year.
Kuzmin, R. O. (Academy of Sciences (USSR) Moscow, USSR)
Mitrofanov, I. G. (Institute of Space Research Moscow, USSR)
Litvak, M. L. (Institute of Space Research Moscow, USSR)
Boynton, M. V. (Arizona Univ. Tucson, AZ, United States)
Saunders, R. S. (NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)