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Record 33 of 53171
An Investigation of Wing and Aileron Loads Due to Deflected Inboard and Outboard Ailerons on a 4-Percent-Thick 30 deg Sweptback Wing at Transonic Speeds
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Author and Affiliation:
Whitcomb, Charles F.(NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, United States)
Critzos, Chris C.(NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, United States)
Brown, Philippa F.(NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, United States)
Abstract: An investigation has been conducted in the Langley 16-foot transonic tunnel to determine the changes in wing loading characteristics due to deflections of a plain faired flap-type inboard aileron, a plain faired flap-type outboard aileron, and a slab-sided thickened trailing edge outboard aileron. The test wing was 4 percent thick and had 30 sweep of the quarter chord, an aspect ratio of 3.0, a taper ratio of 0.2, and NACA 65A004 airfoil sections. The loading characteristics of the deflected ailerons were also investigated. The model was a sting-mounted wing-body combination, and pressure measurements over one wing panel (exposed area) and the ailerons were obtained for angles of attack from 0 to 20 at deflections up to +/- 15 deg for Mach numbers between 0.80 and 1.03. The test Reynolds number based on the wing mean aerodynamic chord was about 7.4 x 10(exp 6). The results of the investigation indicated that positive deflection of the plain faired flap-type inboard aileron caused significant added loading over the wing sections outboard of the aileron at all Mach numbers for model angles of attack from 0 deg or 4 deg up to 12 deg. Positive deflection of the two outboard ailerons (plain faired and slab sided with thickened trailing edge) caused significant added loading over the wing sections inboard of the ailerons for different model angle-of-attack ranges at the several test Mach numbers. The loading shapes over the ailerons were irregular and would be difficult to predict from theoretical considerations in the transonic speed range. The longitudinal and lateral center-of-pressure locations for the ailerons varied only slightly with increasing angle of attack and/or Mach number. Generally, the negative slopes of the variations of aileron hinge-moment coefficient with aileron deflection for all three ailerons varied similarly with Mach number at the test angles of attack.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 1961
Document ID:
(Acquired Jan 23, 2004)
Subject Category: AERODYNAMICS
Report/Patent Number: NASA-TN-D-620, L-1035
Document Type: Technical Report
Financial Sponsor: NASA; Washington, DC, United States
Organization Source: NASA Langley Research Center; Hampton, VA, United States
Description: 283p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
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