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system-level analysis of food moisture content requirements for the mars dual lander transit missionIn order to ensure that adequate water resources are available during a mission, any net water loss from the habitat must be balanced with an equivalent amount of required makeup water. Makeup water may come from a variety of sources, including water in shipped tanks, water stored in prepackaged food, product water from fuel cells, and in-situ water resources. This paper specifically addresses the issue of storing required makeup water in prepackaged food versus storing the water in shipped tanks for the Mars Dual Lander Transit Mission, one of the Advanced Life Support Reference Missions. In this paper, water mass balances have been performed for the Dual Lander Transit Mission, to determine the necessary requirement of makeup water under nominal operation (i.e. no consideration of contingency needs), on a daily basis. Contingency issues are briefly discussed with respect to impacts on makeup water storage (shipped tanks versus storage in prepackaged food). The Dual Lander Transit Mission was selected for study because it has been considered by the Johnson Space Center Exploration Office in enough detail to define a reasonable set of scenario options for nominal system operation and contingencies. This study also illustrates the concept that there are multiple, reasonable life support system scenarios for any one particular mission. Thus, the need for a particular commodity can depend upon many variables in the system. In this study, we examine the need for makeup water as it depends upon the configuration of the rest of the life support system.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Levri, Julie A.
(NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Perchonok, Michele H.
(National Space Biomedical Research Inst. Houston, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2004
Subject Category
Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
Meeting Information
34th International Conference on Environmental Systems(Colorado Springs, CO)
Funding Number(s)
OTHER: 131-20-10
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.