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The Physics of AGN, a Deep Understanding of the Quasar 3C 273Upon our successful AO-1 proposal no. 120023, the quasar 3C 273 has been observed with INTEGRAL in 3 epochs in January 2003. The first observation, on January 5, 2003, with a total INTEGRAL exposure of 1.2 x 10(exp 5) s, was simultaneous with RXTE and XMM- Newton observations. Two more INTEGRAL observations were carried out on January 11, 2003 (exposure: lo4 s) and January 17, 2003 (exposure: 1.1 x 10(exp 5) s). The source was detected with high significance by all INTEGRAL instruments, the OMC, JEM-X, SPI, and IBIS/ISGRI. Being one of the first INTEGRAL observations simultaneous with XMM and RXTE, our observations were also used to fix the cross calibration with those instruments. The combined spectrum resulting from the XMM-Newton, JEM-X, RXTE, SPI and ISGRI X-ray / soft gamma-ray observations is consistent with a straight power-law of photon index Gamma = (1.73 +/- 0.015) between 3 keV and at least 200 keV. A possible detection in the 200 keV - 500 keV band by SPI can not be confirmed with our observations. The normalization of the X/gamma-ray spectrum is (2.24 +/- 0.05) x 10(exp -2) photons /sq cm keV at 1 keV. The source showed a moderate amount of optical variability as observed with the OMC onboard INTEGRAL. No evidence for variability at X-rays and gamma-rays could be reported, which may have been a result of insufficient photon statistics. The X-/gamma-ray spectrum observed in our 2003 observations is consistent with previously measured and modelled broadband spectral energy distributions of 3C 273. It has been included in the U.S. lead Col's work on spectral and variability modelling of gamma-ray blazars, supporting the trend of flat-spectrum radio quasars such as 3C 273 being 7-ray dominated due to a strong contribution from Compton upscattering of external radiation by ultrarelativistic electrons in a relativistic jet. 3C 273 is a particularly convincing example for such a picture since it provides very direct evidence for a strong external radiation field by virtue of its obvious big blue bump, most likely originating in a very luminous accretion disk.
Document ID
Document Type
Courvoisier, T. (Ohio Univ. Athens, OH, United States)
Bottcher, Markus (Ohio Univ. Athens, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2004
Subject Category
Space Radiation
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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