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Marine ecosystem appropriation in the Indo-Pacific: a case study of the live reef fish food tradeOur ecological footprint analyses of coral reef fish fisheries and, in particular, the live reef fish food trade (FT), indicate many countries' current consumption exceeds estimated sustainable per capita global, regional and local coral reef production levels. Hong Kong appropriates 25% of SE Asia's annual reef fish production of 135 260-286 560 tonnes (t) through its FT demand, exceeding regional biocapacity by 8.3 times; reef fish fisheries demand out-paces sustainable production in the Indo-Pacific and SE Asia by 2.5 and 6 times. In contrast, most Pacific islands live within their own reef fisheries means with local demand at < 20% of total capacity in Oceania. The FT annually requisitions up to 40% of SE Asia's estimated reef fish and virtually all of its estimated grouper yields. Our results underscore the unsustainable nature of the FT and the urgent need for regional management and conservation of coral reef fisheries in the Indo-Pacific.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Warren-Rhodes, Kimberley (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field CA United States)
Sadovy, Yvonne
Cesar, Herman
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
November 1, 2003
Publication Information
Publication: Ambio
Volume: 32
Issue: 7
ISSN: 0044-7447
Subject Category
Earth Resources and Remote Sensing
Distribution Limits