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Intercultural crew issues in long-duration spaceflightBefore long-duration flights with international crews can be safely undertaken, potential interpersonal difficulties will need to be addressed. Crew performance breakdown has been recognized by the American Institute of Medicine, in scientific literature, and in popular culture. However, few studies of human interaction and performance in confined, isolated environments exist, and the data pertaining to those studies are mostly anecdotal. Many incidents involving crew interpersonal dynamics, those among flight crews, as well as between flight crews and ground controllers, are reported only in non-peer reviewed books and newspapers. Consequently, due to this lack of concrete knowledge, the selection of astronauts and cosmonauts has focused on individual rather than group selection. Additional selection criteria such as interpersonal and communication competence, along with intercultural training, will have a decisive impact on future mission success. Furthermore, industrial psychological research has demonstrated the ability to select a group based on compatibility. With all this in mind, it is essential to conduct further research on heterogeneous, multi-national crews including selection and training for long-duration space missions.
Document ID
20040087691
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Kraft, Norbert O. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field CA United States)
Lyons, Terence J.
Binder, Heidi
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 2003
Publication Information
Publication: Aviation, space, and environmental medicine
Volume: 74
Issue: 5
ISSN: 0095-6562
Subject Category
Life Sciences (General)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
long duration
Flight Experiment
manned
Mir Project
ISS Project