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Impact of lossy compression on diagnostic accuracy of radiographs for periapical lesionsOBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the lossy Joint Photographic Experts Group compression for endodontic pretreatment digital radiographs. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty clinical charge-coupled device-based, digital radiographs depicting periapical areas were selected. Each image was compressed at 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 48, and 64 compression ratios. One root per image was marked for examination. Images were randomized and viewed by four clinical observers under standardized viewing conditions. Each observer read the image set three times, with at least two weeks between each reading. Three pre-selected sites per image (mesial, distal, apical) were scored on a five-scale score confidence scale. A panel of three examiners scored the uncompressed images, with a consensus score for each site. The consensus score was used as the baseline for assessing the impact of lossy compression on the diagnostic values of images. The mean absolute error between consensus and observer scores was computed for each observer, site, and reading session. RESULTS: Balanced one-way analysis of variance for all observers indicated that for compression ratios 48 and 64, there was significant difference between mean absolute error of uncompressed and compressed images (P <.05). After converting the five-scale score to two-level diagnostic values, the diagnostic accuracy was strongly correlated (R (2) = 0.91) with the compression ratio. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that high compression ratios can have a severe impact on the diagnostic quality of the digital radiographs for detection of periapical lesions.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Eraso, Francisco E.
(Nova Southeastern University Fort Lauderdale, Fla 33328, United States)
Analoui, Mostafa
Watson, Andrew B.
Rebeschini, Regina
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 2002
Publication Information
Publication: Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
Volume: 93
Issue: 5
ISSN: 1079-2104
Subject Category
Life Sciences (General)
Distribution Limits
NASA Discipline Space Human Factors

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