NASA Logo

NTRS

NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
Vestibulospinal control of reflex and voluntary head movementSecondary canal-related vestibulospinal neurons respond to an externally applied movement of the head in the form of a firing rate modulation that encodes the angular velocity of the movement, and reflects in large part the input "head velocity in space" signal carried by the semicircular canal afferents. In addition to the head velocity signal, the vestibulospinal neurons can carry a more processed signal that includes eye position or eye velocity, or both (see Boyle on ref. list). To understand the control signals used by the central vestibular pathways in the generation of reflex head stabilization, such as the vestibulocollic reflex (VCR), and the maintenance of head posture, it is essential to record directly from identified vestibulospinal neurons projecting to the cervical spinal segments in the alert animal. The present report discusses two key features of the primate vestibulospinal system. First, the termination morphology of vestibulospinal axons in the cervical segments of the spinal cord is described to lay the structural basis of vestibulospinal control of head/neck posture and movement. And second, the head movement signal content carried by the same class of secondary vestibulospinal neurons during the actual execution of the VCR and during self-generated, or active, rapid head movements is presented.
Document ID
20040088645
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Boyle, R. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field CA United States)
Peterson, B. W.
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
October 1, 2001
Publication Information
Publication: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume: 942
ISSN: 0077-8923
Subject Category
Life Sciences (General)
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NS27050
CONTRACT_GRANT: EY08-041
CONTRACT_GRANT: DC02072
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
Review, Tutorial
Non-NASA Center
NASA Discipline Neuroscience
Review