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Analysis of edible oil processing options for the BIO-Plex advanced life support systemEdible oil is a critical component of the proposed plant-based Advanced Life Support (ALS) diet. Soybean, peanut, and single-cell oil are the oil source options to date. In terrestrial manufacture, oil is ordinarily extracted with hexane, an organic solvent. However, exposed solvents are not permitted in the spacecraft environment or in enclosed human tests by National Aeronautics and Space Administration due to their potential danger and handling difficulty. As a result, alternative oil-processing methods will need to be utilized. Preparation and recovery options include traditional dehulling, crushing, conditioning, and flaking, extrusion, pressing, water extraction, and supercritical extraction. These processing options were evaluated on criteria appropriate to the Advanced Life Support System and BIO-Plex application including: product quality, product stability, waste production, risk, energy needs, labor requirements, utilization of nonrenewable resources, usefulness of by-products, and versatility and mass of equipment to determine the most appropriate ALS edible oil-processing operation.
Document ID
20040088690
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Greenwalt, C. J.
(Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853, United States)
Hunter, J.
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2000
Publication Information
Publication: Life support & biosphere science : international journal of earth space
Volume: 7
Issue: 3
ISSN: 1069-9422
Subject Category
Man/System Technology And Life Support
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
NASA Discipline Life Support Systems
Non-NASA Center
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