NASA Logo, External Link
Facebook icon, External Link to NASA STI page on Facebook Twitter icon, External Link to NASA STI on Twitter YouTube icon, External Link to NASA STI Channel on YouTube RSS icon, External Link to New NASA STI RSS Feed AddThis share icon
 

Record Details

Record 1 of 4747
Space analogue studies in Antarctica
External Online Source: doi:10.1016/S0094-5765(99)00068-5
Author and Affiliation:
Lugg, D.(Antarctic Division, Kingston, Australia)
Shepanek, M.
Abstract: Medical research has been carried out on the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions (ANARE) for 50 years. As an extension of this program collaborative Australian/United States research on immunology, microbiology, psychology and remote medicine has produced important data and insight on how humans adapt to the stress of extreme isolation, confinement and the harsh environment of Antarctica. An outstanding analogue for the isolation and confinement of space missions (especially planetary outposts), ANARE has been used as an international research platform by Australia and the United States since 1993. Collaborative research has demonstrated a lowered responsiveness of the immune system under the isolation and confinement of Antarctic winter-over; a reduction of almost 50% in T cell proliferation to mitogen phytohaemogglutinin, as well as changes in latent herpesvirus states and the expansion of the polyclonal latent Epstein-Barr virus infected B cell populations. Although no clinically significant disease has been found to result from these immune changes, research is currently assessing the effects of psychological factors on the immune system. This and associated research performed to date and its relevance to both organisations is discussed, and comment made on possible extensions to the program in both medical and other fields.
Publication Date: Apr 01, 1999
Document ID:
20040088983
(Acquired Sep 07, 2004)
Subject Category: BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Information: Acta astronautica (ISSN 0094-5765); Volume 44; 7-12; 693-9
Publisher Information: United Kingdom
Financial Sponsor: NASA; Washington DC United States
Description: In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright
NASA Terms: ADAPTATION; ANALOGS; ANTARCTIC REGIONS; IMMUNITY; SOCIAL ISOLATION; SPACE ENVIRONMENT SIMULATION; ADULTS; ASTRONAUTS; AUSTRALIA; COLD WEATHER; FEMALES; IMMUNOLOGY; INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION; LYMPHOCYTES; MALES; TELEMEDICINE; UNITED STATES; YOUTH
Other Descriptors: ADAPTATION, PSYCHOLOGICAL; IMMUNITY/PHYSIOLOGY; SOCIAL ISOLATION/PSYCHOLOGY; SPACE SIMULATION; ADOLESCENT; ADULT; ANTARCTIC REGIONS; ASTRONAUTS/PSYCHOLOGY; AUSTRALIA; COLD CLIMATE/ADVERSE EFFECTS; FEMALE; HUMAN; INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES; INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION; MALE; MIDDLE AGED; QUESTIONNAIRES; T-LYMPHOCYTES/IMMUNOLOGY/PHYSIOLOGY; TELEMEDICINE; UNITED STATES; UNITED STATES NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION; NASA CENTER HQS; NASA DISCIPLINE SPACE HUMAN FACTORS
Availability Source: Other Sources
› Back to Top
NASA Logo, External Link
NASA Official: Gerald Steeman
Site Curator: STI Program
Last Modified: August 23, 2011
Contact Us