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Record Details

Record 6 of 934
Video-task acquisition in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): a comparative analysis
Author and Affiliation:
Hopkins, W. D.(Emory University, United States)
Washburn, D. A.
Hyatt, C. W.
Rumbaugh, D. M. [Principal Investigator]
Abstract: This study describes video-task acquisition in two nonhuman primate species. The subjects were seven rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) and seven chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). All subjects were trained to manipulate a joystick which controlled a cursor displayed on a computer monitor. Two criterion levels were used: one based on conceptual knowledge of the task and one based on motor performance. Chimpanzees and rhesus monkeys attained criterion in a comparable number of trials using a conceptually based criterion. However, using a criterion based on motor performance, chimpanzees reached criterion significantly faster than rhesus monkeys. Analysis of error patterns and latency indicated that the rhesus monkeys had a larger asymmetry in response bias and were significantly slower in responding than the chimpanzees. The results are discussed in terms of the relation between object manipulation skills and video-task acquisition.
Publication Date: Apr 01, 1996
Document ID:
20040089139
(Acquired Sep 07, 2004)
Subject Category: LIFE SCIENCES (GENERAL)
Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Information: Primates; journal of primatology (ISSN 0032-8332); Volume 37; 2; 197-206
Publisher Information: Japan
Contract/Grant/Task Num: NAG2-438; NS-29574; RR-00165
Financial Sponsor: NASA Ames Research Center; Moffett Field CA United States
Description: In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright
NASA Terms: CHIMPANZEES; HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERFACE; LEARNING; MONKEYS; PSYCHOMOTOR PERFORMANCE; SENSORIMOTOR PERFORMANCE; APES; COMPUTER PROGRAMS; EATING; FEMALES; GAMES; MALES; REACTION TIME; REINFORCEMENT (PSYCHOLOGY)
Other Descriptors: LEARNING; MOTOR SKILLS; PSYCHOMOTOR PERFORMANCE; USER-COMPUTER INTERFACE; ANIMALS; COMPARATIVE STUDY; FEMALE; FOOD PREFERENCES; MACACA MULATTA; MALE; PAN TROGLODYTES; REACTION TIME; REINFORCEMENT (PSYCHOLOGY); SOFTWARE; SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S; VIDEO GAMES; NASA DISCIPLINE SPACE HUMAN FACTORS; NON-NASA CENTER
Availability Source: Other Sources
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