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Psychosocial issues affecting crews during long-duration international space missionsPsychosocial issues can negatively impact on crew performance and morale during long-duration international space missions. Major psychosocial factors that have been described in anecdotal reports from space and in studies from analog situations on Earth include: 1) crew heterogeneity due to gender differences, cultural issues, and work experiences and motivations; 2) language and dialect variations; and 3) task versus supportive leadership roles. All of these factors can lead to negative sequelae, such as intra-crew tension and cohesion disruptions. Specific sequelae that can result from single factors include subgrouping and scapegoating due to crew heterogeneity; miscommunication due to major or subtle language differences; and role confusion, competition, and status leveling due to inappropriate leadership role definition. It is time to conduct research exploring the impact of these psychosocial factors and their sequelae on space crews during actual long-duration international space missions.
Document ID
20040089195
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Kanas, N. (University of California San Francisco)
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1998
Publication Information
Publication: Acta astronautica
Volume: 42
Issue: 1-8
ISSN: 0094-5765
Subject Category
Behavioral Sciences
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
Non-NASA Center
NASA Discipline Space Human Factors
Review, Tutorial
Review