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The Spacelab-Mir-1 "Greenhouse-2" experimentThe Spacelab-Mir-1 (SLM-1) mission is the first docking of the Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-71) with the Orbital Station Mir in June 1995. The SLM-1 "Greenhouse-2" experiment will utilize the Russian-Bulgarian-developed plant growth unit (Svet). "Greenhouse-2" will include two plantings (1) designed to test the capability of Svet to grow a crop of Superdwarf wheat from seed to seed, and (2) to provide green plant material for post-flight analysis. Protocols, procedures, and equipment for the experiment have been developed by the US-Russian science team. "Greenhouse-2" will also provide the first orbital test of a new Svet Instrumentation System (SIS) developed by Utah State University to provide near real time data on plant environmental parameters and gas-exchange rates. SIS supplements the Svet control and monitoring system with additional sensors for substrate moisture, air temperature, IR leaf temperature, light, oxygen, pressure, humidity, and carbon-dioxide. SIS provides the capability to monitor canopy transpiration and net assimilation of the plants growing in each vegetation unit (root zone) by enclosing the canopy in separate, retractable, ventilated leaf chambers. Six times during the seed-to-seed experiment, plant samples will be collected, leaf area measured, and plant parts fixed and/or dried for ground analysis. A second planting initiated 30 days before the arrival of a U.S. Shuttle [originally planned to be STS-71] is designed to provide green material at the vegetative development stage for ground analysis. [As this paper is being edited, the experiment has been delayed until after the arrival of STS-71.].
Document ID
20040089950
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Bingham, G. E. (Utah State University Logan, 84322, United States)
Salisbury, F. B.
Campbell, W. F.
Carman, J. G.
Bubenheim, D. L.
Yendler, B.
Sytchev, V. N.
Levinskikh, M. A.
Podolsky, I. G.
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1996
Publication Information
Publication: Advances in space research : the official journal of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR)
Volume: 18
Issue: 5-Apr
Subject Category
Man/System Technology and Life Support
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NCC2-831
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
Non-NASA Center
manned
NASA Discipline Number 61-10
Mir Project
long duration
NASA Program CELSS
NASA Discipline Number 00-00
NASA Discipline Life Support Systems
NASA Program Flight
Flight Experiment
NASA Center ARC