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Growth and mitochondrial respiration of mungbeans (Phaseolus aureus Roxb.) germinated at low pressureMungbean (Phaseolus aureus Roxb.) seedlings were grown hypobarically to assess the effects of low pressure (21-24 kilopascals) on growth and mitochondrial respiration. Control seedlings grown at ambient pressure (101 kilopascals) were provided amounts of O2 equivalent to those provided experimental seedlings at reduced pressure to factor out responses to O2 concentration and to total pressure. Respiration was assayed using washed mitochondria, and was found to respond only to O2 concentration. Regardless of total pressure, seedlings grown at 2 millimoles O2 per liter had higher state 3 respiration rates and decreased percentages of alternative respiration compared to ambient (8.4 millimoles O2 per liter) controls. In contrast, seedling growth responded to total pressure but not to O2 concentration. Seedlings were significantly larger when grown under low pressure. While low O2 (2 millimoles O2 per liter) diminished growth at ambient pressure, growth at low pressure in the same oxygen concentration was enhanced. Respiratory development and growth of mungbean seedlings under low pressure is unimpaired whether oxygen or air is used as the chamber gas, and further, low pressure can improve growth under conditions of poor aeration.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Musgrave, M. E. (Duke University Durham, North Carolina 27706, United States)
Gerth, W. A.
Scheld, H. W.
Strain, B. R.
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1988
Publication Information
Publication: Plant physiology
Volume: 86
ISSN: 0032-0889
Subject Category
Life Sciences (General)
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Non-NASA Center
NASA Discipline Plant Biology
NASA Program Space Biology Research Associates
NASA Discipline Number 40-99