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Study of various NH4+/NO3- mixtures for enhancing growth of potatoesTwo experiments were conducted to determine the effects of various NH4(+)-N/NO3(-)-N percentages on growth and mineral concentrations in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plants using a non-recirculating nutrient film system in a controlled environment. The first experiment included six NH4(+)-N/NO3(-)-N percentages at 0/100, 20/80, 40/60, 60/40, 80/20, and 100/0 with the same total N concentration of 4 mM. The second experiment included six NH4(+)-N/NO3(-)-N percentages at 0/100, 4/96, 8/92, 12/88, 16/84, and 20/80 again with the same total N of 4 mM. In each experiment, plants were harvested 35 days after transplanting when tubers had been initiated and started to enlarge. Dry weights of shoots, tubers, and whole plant at the harvest were increased significantly with all mixed nitrogen treatments as compared with single NH4+ or NO3- form. The enhanced growth with mixed nitrogen was greatest at 8% to 20% NH4(+)-N. Also, the concentrations and accumulation of total N in the shoots and roots were greater with mixed nitrogen than with separate NH4+ or NO3- nutrition. With NH4+ present in the solutions, the concentrations of P and Cl in the shoots were increased compared to NO3- alone, whereas the tissue concentrations of Ca and Mg were decreased. It was concluded that nitrogen fertilization provided with combined NH4+ and NO3- forms, even at small proportions of NH4+, can enhance nitrogen uptake and productivity in potato plants.
Document ID
20040090333
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Cao, W. (University of Wisconsin Madison 53706)
Tibbitts, T. W.
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
September 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of plant nutrition
Volume: 16
Issue: 9
ISSN: 0190-4167
Subject Category
Man/System Technology and Life Support
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
NASA Program CELSS
NASA Discipline Number 61-10
NASA Discipline Life Support Systems
Non-NASA Center