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Nitrogen nutrition and temporal effects of enhanced carbon dioxide on soybean growthPlants grown on porous media at elevated CO2 levels generally have low concentrations of tissue N and often appear to require increased levels of external N to maximize growth response. This study determines if soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr. Ransom'] grown hydroponically at elevated CO2 requires increases in external NO3- concentrations beyond levels that are optimal at ambient CO2 to maintain tissue N concentrations and maximize the growth response. This study also investigates temporal influences of elevated CO2 on growth responses by soybean. Plants were grown vegetatively for 34 d in hydroponic culture at atmospheric CO2 concentrations of 400, 650, and 900 microliters L-1 and during the final 18 d at NO3- concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, 5.0 and 10.0 mM in the culture solution. At 650 and 900 microliters L-1 CO2, plants had maximum increases of 31 and 45% in dry weight during the experimental period. Plant growth at 900 microliters L-1 CO2 was stimulated earlier than at 650 microliters L-1. During the final 18 d of the experiment, the relative growth rates (RGR) of plants grown at elevated CO2 declined. Elevated CO2 caused increases in total N and total NO3(-)-N content and leaf area but not leaf number. Enhancing CO2 levels also caused a decrease in root:shoot ratios. Stomatal resistance increased by 2.1- and 2.8-fold for plants at the 650 and 900 microliters L-1 CO2, respectively. Nitrate level in the culture solutions had no effect on growth or on C:N ratios of tissues, nor did increases in CO2 levels cause a decrease in N concentration of plant tissues. Hence, increases in NO3- concentration of the hydroponic solution were not necessary to maintain the N status of the plants or to maximize the growth response to elevated CO2.
Document ID
20040112134
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Vessey, J. K. (Univ. of Manitoba Winnipeg, Canada)
Henry, L. T.
Raper, C. D. Jr
Date Acquired
August 21, 2013
Publication Date
March 1, 1990
Publication Information
Publication: Crop science
Volume: 30
Issue: 2
ISSN: 0011-183X
Subject Category
Life Sciences (General)
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NCC2-101
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
NASA Program CELSS
Non-NASA Center
NASA Discipline Life Support Systems
NASA Discipline Number 61-10