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Record Details

Record 29 of 3159
The North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array: Recent Severe Storm Observations and Future Prospects
Author and Affiliation:
Goodman, S. J.
Blakeslee, R.
Christian, H.
Koshak, W.
Bailey, J.
Hall, J.
McCaul, E.
Buechler, D.
Darden, C.
Burks, J. Show more authors
Abstract: The North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array became operational in November 2001 as a principal component of a severe weather test bed to infuse new science and technology into the short-term forecasting of severe and hazardous weather, principally within nearby National Weather Service forecast offices. Since the installation of the LMA, it has measured the total lightning activity of a large number of severe weather events, including three supercell tornado outbreaks, two supercell hailstorm events, and numerous microburst-producing storms and ordinary non-severe thunderstorms. The key components of evolving storm morphology examined are the time rate-of-change (temporal trending) of storm convective and precipitation characteristics that can be diagnosed in real-time using NEXRAD WSR-88D Doppler radar (echo growth and decay, precipitation structures and velocity features, outflow boundaries), LMA (total lightning flash rate and its trend) and National Lightning Detection Network (cloud-to- ground lightning, its polarity and trends). For example, in a transitional season supercell tornado outbreak, peak total flash rates for typical supercells in Tennessee reached 70-100/min, and increases in the total flash rate occurred during storm intensification as much as 20-25 min prior to at least some of the tornadoes. The most intense total flash rate measured during this outbreak (over 800 flashes/min) occurred in a storm in Alabama. In the case of a severe summertime pulse thunderstorm in North Alabama, the peak total flash rate reached 300/min, with a strong increase in total lightning evident some 9 min before damaging winds were observed at the surface. In this paper we provide a sampling of LMA observations and products during severe weather events to illustrate the capability of the system, and discuss the prospects for improving the short-term forecasting of convective weather using total lightning data.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 2004
Document ID:
20040121141
(Acquired Oct 08, 2004)
Subject Category: METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY
Document Type: Preprint
Meeting Information: Atmospheric Research; Unknown
Financial Sponsor: NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; Huntsville, AL, United States
Organization Source: NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; Huntsville, AL, United States
Description: 1p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: WEATHER FORECASTING; LIGHTNING; HAILSTORMS; TORNADOES; THUNDERSTORMS; MICROBURSTS (METEOROLOGY); METEOROLOGICAL RADAR; REAL TIME OPERATION; CLOUD-TO-GROUND DISCHARGES; DOPPLER RADAR
Availability Source: Other Sources
Availability Notes: Abstract Only
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