NASA Logo

NTRS

NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
Microtubule depolymerization normalizes in vivo myocardial contractile function in dogs with pressure-overload left ventricular hypertrophyBACKGROUND: Because initially compensatory myocardial hypertrophy in response to pressure overloading may eventually decompensate to myocardial failure, mechanisms responsible for this transition have long been sought. One such mechanism established in vitro is densification of the cellular microtubule network, which imposes a viscous load that inhibits cardiocyte contraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present study, we extended this in vitro finding to the in vivo level and tested the hypothesis that this cytoskeletal abnormality is important in the in vivo contractile dysfunction that occurs in experimental aortic stenosis in the adult dog. In 8 dogs in which gradual stenosis of the ascending aorta had caused severe left ventricular (LV) pressure overloading (gradient, 152+/-16 mm Hg) with contractile dysfunction, LV function was measured at baseline and 1 hour after the intravenous administration of colchicine. Cardiocytes obtained by biopsy before and after in vivo colchicine administration were examined in tandem. Microtubule depolymerization restored LV contractile function both in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: These and additional corroborative data show that increased cardiocyte microtubule network density is an important mechanism for the ventricular contractile dysfunction that develops in large mammals with adult-onset pressure-overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy.
Document ID
20040141421
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Koide, M.
(Gazes Cardiac Research Institute, Medical University of South Carolina Charleston, SC 29403, United States)
Hamawaki, M.
Narishige, T.
Sato, H.
Nemoto, S.
DeFreyte, G.
Zile, M. R.
Cooper G, I. V.
Carabello, B. A.
Date Acquired
August 22, 2013
Publication Date
August 29, 2000
Publication Information
Publication: Circulation
Volume: 102
Issue: 9
ISSN: 0009-7322
Subject Category
Life Sciences (General)
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: HL-48788
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
Non-NASA Center
NASA Discipline Cardiopulmonary
No Preview Available