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Test-retest reliability of cognitive EEGOBJECTIVE: Task-related EEG is sensitive to changes in cognitive state produced by increased task difficulty and by transient impairment. If task-related EEG has high test-retest reliability, it could be used as part of a clinical test to assess changes in cognitive function. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability of the EEG recorded during the performance of a working memory (WM) task and a psychomotor vigilance task (PVT). METHODS: EEG was recorded while subjects rested quietly and while they performed the tasks. Within session (test-retest interval of approximately 1 h) and between session (test-retest interval of approximately 7 days) reliability was calculated for four EEG components: frontal midline theta at Fz, posterior theta at Pz, and slow and fast alpha at Pz. RESULTS: Task-related EEG was highly reliable within and between sessions (r0.9 for all components in WM task, and r0.8 for all components in the PVT). Resting EEG also showed high reliability, although the magnitude of the correlation was somewhat smaller than that of the task-related EEG (r0.7 for all 4 components). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that under appropriate conditions, task-related EEG has sufficient retest reliability for use in assessing clinical changes in cognitive status.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
McEvoy, L. K. (EEG Systems Laboratory & SAM Technology 425 Bush Street, San Francisco, CA 94108-3708, United States)
Smith, M. E.
Gevins, A.
Date Acquired
August 22, 2013
Publication Date
March 1, 2000
Publication Information
Publication: Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume: 111
Issue: 3
ISSN: 1388-2457
Subject Category
Behavioral Sciences
Distribution Limits
Non-NASA Center
NASA Discipline Neuroscience