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A mechanical energy analysis of gait initiationThe analysis of gait initiation (the transient state between standing and walking) is an important diagnostic tool to study pathologic gait and to evaluate prosthetic devices. While past studies have quantified mechanical energy of the body during steady-state gait, to date no one has computed the mechanical energy of the body during gait initiation. In this study, gait initiation in seven normal male subjects was studied using a mechanical energy analysis to compute total body energy. The data showed three separate states: quiet standing, gait initiation, and steady-state gait. During gait initiation, the trends in the energy data for the individual segments were similar to those seen during steady-state gait (and in Winter DA, Quanbury AO, Reimer GD. Analysis of instantaneous energy of normal gait. J Biochem 1976;9:253-257), but diminished in amplitude. However, these amplitudes increased to those seen in steady-state during the gait initiation event (GIE), with the greatest increase occurring in the second step due to the push-off of the foundation leg. The baseline level of mechanical energy was due to the potential energy of the individual segments, while the cyclic nature of the data was indicative of the kinetic energy of the particular leg in swing phase during that step. The data presented showed differences in energy trends during gait initiation from those of steady state, thereby demonstrating the importance of this event in the study of locomotion.
Document ID
20040141759
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Miller, C. A. (Wyle Laboratories, Inc. Mail Code PL/261, 1290 Hercules Blvd., Suite 120, Houston, TX 77058, United States)
Verstraete, M. C.
Date Acquired
August 22, 2013
Publication Date
July 1, 1999
Publication Information
Publication: Gait & posture
Volume: 9
Issue: 3
ISSN: 0966-6362
Subject Category
Life Sciences (General)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other