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Evaluation of pGL1-TNF-alpha therapy in combination with radiationLong-term control of high-grade brain tumors is rarely achieved with current therapeutic regimens. In this study a new plasmid-based human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) expression vector was synthesized (pGL1-TNF-alpha) and evaluated together with radiation in the aggressive, rapidly growing C6 rat glioma model. pGL1-TNF-alpha was successfully transfected into C6 cells in vitro using a cationic polyamine method. Expression was detected up to 7 days and averaged 0.4 ng of TNF-alpha in the culture medium from 1x10(5) cells. The expressed protein was biologically functional, as evidenced by growth inhibition of L929, a TNF-alpha-susceptible cell line. Using fluorescence-labeled monoclonal antibodies and laser scanning cytometry, we confirmed that both the P55 and P75 receptors for TNF-alpha were present on the C6 cell membrane. However, the receptors were present at low density and P55 was expressed more than the P75 receptor. These findings were in contrast to results obtained with TNF-alpha-susceptible L929 cells. Tests in athymic mice showed that pGL1-TNF-alpha administered intratumorally 16-18 h before radiation (each modality given three times) significantly inhibited C6 tumor progression (P<0.05). This effect was more than additive, because pGL1-TNF-alpha alone did not slow tumor growth and radiation alone had little effect on tumor growth. These results indicate that pGL1-TNF-alpha has potential to augment the antitumor effects of radiation against a tumor type that is virtually incurable.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Li, J.
(Loma Linda University School of Medicine and Medical Center CA 92354, United States)
Andres, M. L.
Fodor, I.
Nelson, G. A.
Gridley, D. S.
Date Acquired
August 22, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1998
Publication Information
Publication: Oncology research
Volume: 10
Issue: 7
ISSN: 0965-0407
Subject Category
Life Sciences (General)
Distribution Limits
Non-NASA Center
NASA Discipline Radiation Health

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