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Effect of perturbations and a meal on superior mesenteric artery flow in patients with orthostatic hypotensionOur aims were to evaluate to role of superior mesenteric blood flow in the pathophysiology of orthostatic hypotension in patients with generalized autonomic failure. METHODS: Twelve patients with symptomatic neurogenic orthostatic hypotension and 12 healthy controls underwent superior mesenteric artery flow measurements using Doppler ultrasonography during head-up tilt and tilt plus meal ingestion. Autonomic failure was assessed using standard tests of the function of the sympathetic adrenergic, cardiovagal and postganglionic sympathetic sudomotor function. RESULTS: Superior mesenteric flow volume and time-averaged velocity were similar in patients and controls at supine rest; however, responses to cold pressor test and upright tilt were attenuated (p < 0.05) in patients compared to controls. Head-up tilt after the meal evoked a profound fall of blood pressure and mesenteric blood flow in the patients; the reduction of mesenteric blood flow correlated (r = 0.89) with the fall of blood pressure in these patients, providing another manifestation of failed baroreflexes. We make the novel finding that the severity of postprandial orthostatic hypotension regressed negatively with the postprandial increase in mesenteric flow in patients with orthostatic hypotension. CONCLUSION: Mesenteric flow is under baroreflex control, which when defective, results in, or worsens orthostatic hypotension. Its large size and baroreflexivity renders it quantitatively important in the maintenance of postural normotension. The effects of orthostatic stress can be significantly attenuated by reducing the splanchnic-mesenteric volume increase in response to food. Evaluation of mesenteric flow in response to eating and head-up tilt provide important information on intra-abdominal sympathetic adrenergic function, and the ability of the patient to cope with orthostatic stress.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Fujimura, J. (Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN 55905, United States)
Camilleri, M.
Low, P. A.
Novak, V.
Novak, P.
Opfer-Gehrking, T. L.
Date Acquired
August 22, 2013
Publication Date
December 3, 1997
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of the autonomic nervous system
Volume: 67
Issue: 2-Jan
ISSN: 0165-1838
Subject Category
Aerospace Medicine
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Non-NASA Center
NASA Discipline Cardiopulmonary
Clinical Trial