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Record Details

Record 1 of 145
Epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus during space flight
External Online Source: doi:10.1016/S0928-8244(96)00094-6
Author and Affiliation:
Pierson, D. L.(NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX United States)
Chidambaram, M.
Heath, J. D.
Mallary, L.
Mishra, S. K.
Sharma, B.
Weinstock, G. M.
Abstract: Staphylococcus aureus was isolated over 2 years from Space Shuttle mission crewmembers to determine dissemination and retention of bacteria. Samples before and after each mission were from nasal, throat, urine, and feces and from air and surface sampling of the Space Shuttle. DNA fingerprinting of samples by digestion of DNA with SmaI restriction endonuclease followed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis showed S. aureus from each crewmember had a unique fingerprint and usually only one strain was carried by an individual. There was only one instance of transfer between crewmembers. Strains from interior surfaces after flight matched those of crewmembers, suggesting microbial fingerprinting may have forensic application.
Publication Date: Dec 31, 1996
Document ID:
20040173080
(Acquired Dec 09, 2004)
Subject Category: MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT
Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Information: FEMS immunology and medical microbiology (ISSN 0928-8244); Volume 16; 3-4; 273-81
Publisher Information: Netherlands
Description: In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright
NASA Terms: BACTERIAL DISEASES; CLOSED ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS; EPIDEMIOLOGY; STAPHYLOCOCCUS; CLASSIFICATIONS; DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID; ELECTROPHORESIS; FECES; FEMALES; IDENTIFYING; MALES; NOSE; PHARYNX; POLYMORPHISM; SPACE SHUTTLE MISSIONS; URINE
Other Descriptors: ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS, CLOSED; SPACE FLIGHT; STAPHYLOCOCCAL INFECTIONS/EPIDEMIOLOGY/MICROBIOLOGY; DNA FINGERPRINTING; ELECTROPHORESIS, GEL, PULSED-FIELD; FECES/MICROBIOLOGY; FEMALE; HUMAN; MALE; NOSE/MICROBIOLOGY; PHARYNX/MICROBIOLOGY; POLYMORPHISM, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH; STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS/CLASSIFICATION/GENETICS; SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S; URINE/MICROBIOLOGY; NASA CENTER JSC; NASA DISCIPLINE ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH; NASA DISCIPLINE NUMBER 04-10; NASA PROGRAM ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH; NON-NASA CENTER; FLIGHT EXPERIMENT; STS SHUTTLE PROJECT; MANNED; SHORT DURATION
Availability Source: Other Sources
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