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nutrition and human physiological adaptations to space flightSpace flight provides a model for the study of healthy individuals undergoing unique stresses. This review focuses on how physiological adaptations to weightlessness may affect nutrient and food requirements in space. These adaptations include reductions in body water and plasma volume, which affect the renal and cardiovascular systems and thereby fluid and electrolyte requirements. Changes in muscle mass and function may affect requirements for energy, protein and amino acids. Changes in bone mass lead to increased urinary calcium concentrations, which may increase the risk of forming renal stones. Space motion sickness may influence putative changes in gastro-intestinal-hepatic function; neurosensory alterations may affect smell and taste. Some or all of these effects may be ameliorated through the use of specially designed dietary countermeasures.
Document ID
20040197213
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Lane, H. W.
(NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX United States)
LeBlanc, A. D.
Putcha, L.
Whitson, P. A.
Date Acquired
August 22, 2013
Publication Date
November 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: The American journal of clinical nutrition
Volume: 58
Issue: 5
ISSN: 0002-9165
Subject Category
Life Sciences (General)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
Review
Review, Tutorial