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Crew systems: integrating human and technical subsystems for the exploration of spaceSpace exploration missions will require combining human and technical subsystems into overall "crew systems" capable of performing under the rigorous conditions of outer space. This report describes substantive and conceptual relationships among humans, intelligent machines, and communication systems, and explores how these components may be combined to complement and strengthen one another. We identify key research issues in the combination of humans and technology and examine the role of individual differences, group processes, and environmental conditions. We conclude that a crew system is, in effect, a social cyborg, a living system consisting of multiple individuals whose capabilities are extended by advanced technology.
Document ID
20050000324
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Connors, M. M. (University of California Davis)
Harrison, A. A.
Summit, J.
Date Acquired
August 22, 2013
Publication Date
July 1, 1994
Publication Information
Publication: Behavioral science
Volume: 39
Issue: 3
ISSN: 0005-7940
Subject Category
Man/System Technology and Life Support
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
NASA Discipline Space Human Factors
NASA Center ARC
Review
Review, Tutorial