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Arctic Strato-Mesospheric Temperature and Wind VariationsUpper stratosphere and mesosphere rocket measurements are actively used to investigate interaction between the neutral, electrical, and chemical atmospheres and between lower and upper layers of these regions. Satellite temperature measurements from HALOE and from inflatable falling spheres complement each other and allow illustrations of the annual cycle to 85 km altitude. Falling sphere wind and temperature measurements reveal variability that differs as a function of altitude, location, and time. We discuss the state of the Arctic atmosphere during the summer 2002 (Andoya, Norway) and winter 2003 (ESRANGE, Sweden) campaigns of MaCWAVE. Balloon-borne profiles to 30 km altitude and sphere profiles between 50 and 90 km show unique small-scale structure. Nonetheless, there are practical implications that additional measurements are very much needed to complete the full vertical profile picture. Our discussion concentrates on the distribution of temperature and wind and their variability. However, reliable measurements from other high latitude NASA programs over a number of years are available to help properly calculate mean values and the distribution of the individual measurements. Since the available rocket data in the Arctic's upper atmosphere are sparse the results we present are basically a snapshot of atmospheric structure.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Schmidlin, F. J. (NASA Wallops Flight Center Wallops Island, VA, United States)
Goldberg, R. A. (NASA Wallops Flight Center Wallops Island, VA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 23, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2004
Subject Category
Meteorology and Climatology
Meeting Information
American Geophysical Union Meeting(San Francisco, CA)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.