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Record Details

Record 65 of 8288
Improvement of the TOPEX and Jason Orbit Time Series: Precision Orbit Determination, Calibration, Validation and Improvement Through the Combined Reduction and Analysis of GPS, SLR, DORIS and Altimeter Data
Author and Affiliation:
Luthcke, Scott B.(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Rowlands, D. D.(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Lemoine, F. G.(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Zelensky, N. P.(Raytheon Information Technology and Scientific Services, Upper Marlboro, MD, United States)
Beckley, B. D.(Raytheon Information Technology and Scientific Services, Upper Marlboro, MD, United States)
Abstract: Orbit error is a major component in the overall error budget of all altimeter satellite missions. Jason-I is no exception and a 1 cm radial orbit accuracy goal has been set, which represents a factor of two improvement over what is currently being achieved for TOPEX/Poseidon (TP). Our current analysis suggests this goal has been met and even improved upon, but the challenge is to be able to continually achieve this high accuracy, verify the performance and characterize and quantify the remaining errors over the lifetime of the mission. The computation, verification and error characterization of such high accuracy orbits requires the reduction and analysis of all available tracking data (GPS, SLR, DORIS and altimeter). Current analysis also indicates the history of TP orbits can be further improved employing new solution strategies developed and tested on Jason-I. Our research focuses on the calibration, validation and improvement of orbit accuracies using all available tracking data including altimetry. We will compute and distribute well centered Jason orbits with an accuracy of better than 1-cm in the radial component. In addition to the orbits themselves, a characterization of the orbit error will be distributed and accumulated as a time series of orbit performance metrics to track anomalies and trends. The long time series of orbit error characterization will enable a better understanding of the remaining orbit errors and its impact on the altimeter data analysis. As part of this research effort we are also significantly improving the current level of TP orbit accuracy, re-computing new high-accuracy TP orbits from the beginning of the TP mission and continuing into the future (as long as TP is healthy). Our funded research effort will result in a complete and consistent time series of improved orbits for both TP and Jason, significantly benefiting the long time series of altimeter data analysis and the TP/Jason dual mission. The resultant high accuracy orbits and the characterization of their error will allow further improvements to the accuracy and overall quality of the altimeter measurement time series making possible further strides in radar altimeter remote sensing.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 2004
Document ID:
20050156650
(Acquired Apr 11, 2005)
Subject Category: SPACECRAFT INSTRUMENTATION AND ASTRIONICS
Document Type: Preprint
Meeting Information: Ocaen Surface Topography Science Team Meeting; 3-6 Nov. 2004; Saint Petersburg, FL; United States
Financial Sponsor: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; Greenbelt, MD, United States
Organization Source: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; Greenbelt, MD, United States
Description: 1p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: ORBIT DETERMINATION; TOPEX; ERRORS; GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM; TIME MEASUREMENT; TIME SERIES ANALYSIS; ACCURACY; CALIBRATING; REMOTE SENSING; POSEIDON SATELLITE; RADIO ALTIMETERS
Availability Source: Other Sources
Availability Notes: Abstract Only
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