NASA Logo

NTRS

NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
Remote Sensing Characterization of the Urban Landscape for Improvement of Air Quality ModelingThe urban landscape is inherently complex and this complexity is not adequately captured in air quality models, particularly the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model that is used to assess whether urban areas are in attainment of EPA air quality standards, primarily for ground level ozone. This inadequacy of the CMAQ model to sufficiently respond to the heterogeneous nature of the urban landscape can impact how well the model predicts ozone pollutant levels over metropolitan areas and ultimately, whether cities exceed EPA ozone air quality standards. We are exploring the utility of high-resolution remote sensing data and urban growth projections as improved inputs to the meteorology component of the CMAQ model focusing on the Atlanta, Georgia metropolitan area as a case study. These growth projections include "business as usual" and "smart growth" scenarios out to 2030. The growth projections illustrate the effects of employing urban heat island mitigation strategies, such as increasing tree canopy and albedo across the Atlanta metro area, in moderating ground-level ozone and air temperature, compared to "business as usual" simulations in which heat island mitigation strategies are not applied. The National Land Cover Dataset at 30m resolution is being used as the land use/land cover input and aggregated to the 4km scale for the MM5 mesoscale meteorological model and the (CMAQ) modeling schemes. Use of these data has been found to better characterize low densityhburban development as compared with USGS 1 km land use/land cover data that have traditionally been used in modeling. Air quality prediction for fiture scenarios to 2030 is being facilitated by land use projections using a spatial growth model. Land use projections were developed using the 2030 Regional Transportation Plan developed by the Atlanta Regional Commission, the regional planning agency for the area. This allows the state Environmental Protection agency to evaluate how these transportation plans will affect fbture air quality.
Document ID
20050162244
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Authors
Quattrochi, Dale A.
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Estes, Maurice G., Jr.
(Universities Space Research Association Huntsville, AL, United States)
Khan, Maudood
(Department of Natural Resources Atlanta, GA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 23, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2005
Subject Category
Environment Pollution
Meeting Information
URBAN 2005/URS 2005(Tempe, AZ)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
No Preview Available