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Record Details

Record 1 of 36969
Diffraction-Based Optical Switch
Offline Availability: Go to Request Form
Author and Affiliation:
Sperno, Stevan M. [Inventor](NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Fuhr, Peter L. [Inventor](NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Schipper, John F. [Inventor](NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Abstract: Method and system for controllably redirecting a light beam, having a central wavelength lambda, from a first light-receiving site to a second light-receiving site. A diffraction grating is attached to or part of a piezoelectric substrate, which is connected to one or two controllable voltage difference sources. When a substrate voltage difference is changed and the diffraction grating length in each of one or two directions is thereby changed, at least one of the diffraction angle, the diffraction order and the central wavelength is controllably changed. A diffracted light beam component, having a given wavelength, diffraction angle and diffraction order, that is initially received at a first light receiving site (e.g., a detector or optical fiber) is thereby controllably shifted or altered and can be received at a second light receiving site. A polynomially stepped, chirped grating is used in one embodiment. In another embodiment, an incident light beam, having at least one of first and second wavelengths, lambda1 and lambda2, is received and diffracted at a first diffraction grating to provide a first diffracted beam. The first diffracted beam is received and diffracted at a second diffraction grating to produce a second diffracted beam. The second diffracted beam is received at a light-sensitive transducer, having at least first and second spaced apart light detector elements that are positioned so that, when the incident light beam has wavelength lambda1 or lambda2 (lambda1 not equal to lambda2), the second diffracted beam is received at the first element or at the second element, respectively; change in a selected physical parameter at the second grating can also be sensed or measured. A sequence of spaced apart light detector elements can be positioned along a linear or curvilinear segment with equal or unequal spacing.
Publication Date: Jan 25, 2005
Document ID:
20050167858
(Acquired May 13, 2005)
Subject Category: OPTICS
Report/Patent Number: US-Patent-6,847,749, US-Patent Appl-SN-058873, NASA-Case-ARC-14638-1
Document Type: Patent
Financial Sponsor: NASA Ames Research Center; Moffett Field, CA, United States
Organization Source: NASA Ames Research Center; Moffett Field, CA, United States
Description: 15p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: DIFFRACTION; OPTICAL SWITCHING; CONTROL THEORY; PATENTS; LIGHT BEAMS; PIEZOELECTRICITY; SUBSTRATES; TRANSDUCERS; OPTICAL FIBERS
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