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The Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000): Overview of the Dry Season Field CampaignThe Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000) is an international project investigating the earth atmosphere -human system in southern Africa. The programme was conducted over a two year period from March 1999 to March 2001. The dry season field campaign (August-September 2000) was the most intensive activity involved over 200 scientist from eighteen countries. The main objectives were to characterize and quantify biogenic, pyrogenic and anthropogenic aerosol and trace gas emissions and their transport and transformations in the atmosphere and to validate NASA's Earth Observing System's Satellite Terra within a scientific context. Five aircraft-- two South African Weather Service Aeorcommanders, the University of Washington's CV-880, the U.K. Meteorological Office's C-130, and NASA's ER-2 --with different altitude capabilities, participated in the campaign. Additional airborne sampling of southern African air masses, that had moved downwind of the subcontinent, was conducted by the CSIRO over Australia. Multiple Observations were made in various geographical sections under different synoptic conditions. Airborne missions were designed to optimize the value of synchronous over-flights of the Terra Satellite platform, above regional ground validation and science targets. Numerous smaller scale ground validation activities took place throughout the subcontinent during the campaign period.
Document ID
20050180523
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Swap, R. J. (Virginia Univ. Charlottesville, VA, United States)
Annegarn, H. J. (Witwatersrand Univ. Johannesburg, South Africa)
Suttles, J. T. (Raytheon Co. United States)
Haywood, J. (Meteorological Office United Kingdom)
Helmlinger, M. C. (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Hely, C. (Virginia Univ. Charlottesville, VA, United States)
Hobbs, P. V. (Washington Univ. United States)
Holben, B. N. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Ji, J. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
King, M. D. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
August 23, 2013
Publication Date
March 1, 2002
Publication Information
Publication: South African Journal of Science
Volume: 98
Subject Category
Environment Pollution
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAG5-9022
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other