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Water cycle and its management for plant habitats at reduced pressuresExperimental and mathematical models were developed for describing and testing temperature and humidity parameters for plant production in bioregenerative life support systems. A factor was included for analyzing systems operating at low (10-101.3 kPa) pressure to reduce gas leakage and structural mass (e.g., inflatable greenhouses for space application). The expected close relationship between temperature and relative humidity was observed, along with the importance of heat exchanger coil temperature and air circulation rate. The presence of plants in closed habitats results in increased water flux through the system. Changes in pressure affect gas diffusion rates and surface boundary layers, and change convective transfer capabilities and water evaporation rates. A consistent observation from studies with plants at reduced pressures is increased evapotranspiration rates, even at constant vapor pressure deficits. This suggests that plant water status is a critical factor for managing low-pressure production systems. The approach suggested should help space mission planners design artificial environments in closed habitats.
Document ID
20050184246
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Rygalov, Vadim Y. (University of Florida, Agricultural and Biological Engineering Department Gainesville, FL 32611-0570, United States)
Fowler, Philip A.
Wheeler, Raymond M.
Bucklin, Ray A.
Date Acquired
August 23, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2004
Publication Information
Publication: Habitation (Elmsford, N.Y.)
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
ISSN: 1542-9660
Subject Category
Man/System Technology and Life Support
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
NASA Center KSC
NASA Discipline Life Support Systems