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Measurement and evaluation of the radiative properties of a thin solid fuelAccurate modeling of combustion systems requires knowledge of the radiative properties of the system. Gas phase properties are well known, but detailed knowledge of surface properties is limited. Recent work has provided spectrally resolved data for some solid fuels, but only for the unburned material at room temperature, and for limited sets of previously burned and quenched samples. Due to lack of knowledge of the spectrally resolved properties at elevated temperatures, as well as processing limitations in the modeling effort, graybody values are typically used for the fuels surface radiative properties. However, the spectrally resolved properties for the fuels at room temperature can be used to give a first-order correction for temperature effects on the graybody values. Figure 1 shows a sample of the spectrally resolved emittance/absorptance for a thin solid fuel of the type commonly used in combustion studies, from approximately 2 to 20 microns. This plot clearly shows a strong spectral dependence across the entire range. By definition, the emittance is the ratio of the emitted energy to that of a blackbody at the same temperature. Therefore, to determine a graybody emittance for this material, the spectrally resolved data must be applied to a blackbody curve. The total area under the resulting curve is ratioed to the total area under the blackbody curve to yield the answer. Due to the asymmetry of the spectrally resolved emittance and the changing shape of the blackbody curve as the temperature increases, the relative importance of the emittance value at any given wavelength will change as a function of temperature. Therefore, the graybody emittance value for a given material will change as a function of temperature even if the spectral dependence of the radiative properties remains unchanged. This is demonstrated in Figures 2 and 3, which are plots of the spectrally resolved emittance for KimWipes (shown in Figure 1) multiplied by the blackbody curves for 300 K (Figure 2) and 800 K (Figure 3). Each figure also shows the blackbody curve for that temperature. Ratioing the areas under the curve for each of these figures give a graybody emittance of 0.64 at 300 K, and 0.46 at 800 K. It is recognized that materials undergoing pyrolysis will change in composition as they heat up, and that the radiative properties of the materials may have inherent temperature dependence. Both of these effects will contribute to changes in the radiative characteristics of a given material, and are not accounted for here. However, this paper demonstrates the temperature dependence of graybody radiative properties, and provides a method for a first-order correction (for temperature) to the graybody values if the spectrally resolved properties are known.
Document ID
20050205875
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Pettegrew, Richard (National Center for Microgravity Research on Fluids and Combustion Cleveland, OH, United States)
Street, Kenneth (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Pitch, Nancy (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Tien, James
Morrison, Phillip
Date Acquired
August 23, 2013
Publication Date
January 2, 2003
Subject Category
Space Radiation
Meeting Information
41st Aerospace Sciencesw Meeting(Reno, NV)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.