NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
Measurement of the Shear Lift Force on a Bubble in a Channel FlowTwo-phase flow systems play vital roles in the design of some current and anticipated space applications of two-phase systems which include: thermal management systems, transfer line flow in cryogenic storage, space nuclear power facilities, design and operation of thermal bus, life support systems, propulsion systems, In Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU), and space processes for pharmaceutical applications. The design of two-phase flow systems for space applications requires a clear knowledge of the behaviors of the dispersed phase (bubble), its interaction with the continuous phase (liquid) and its effect on heat and mass transfer processes, The need to understand the bubble generation process arises from the fact that for all space applications, the size and distribution of bubbles are extremely crucial for heat and mass transfer control. One important force in two-phase flow systems is the lift force on a bubble or particle in a liquid shear flow. The shear lift is usually overwhelmed by buoyancy in normal gravity, but it becomes an important force in reduced gravity. Since the liquid flow is usually sheared because of the confining wall, the trajectories of bubbles and particles injected into the liquid flow are affected by the shear lift in reduced gravity. A series of experiments are performed to investigate the lift force on a bubble in a liquid shear flow and its effect on the detachment of a bubble from a wall under low gravity conditions. Experiments are executed in a Poiseuille flow in a channel. An air-water system is used in these experiments that are performed in the 2.2 second drop tower. A bubble is injected into the shear flow from a small injector and the shear lift is measured while the bubble is held stationary relative to the fluid. The trajectory of the bubble prior, during and after its detachment from the injector is investigated. The measured shear lift force is calculated from the trajectory of the bubble at the detachment point. These values for the shear lift are then compared with the theoretical predictions from various published works on shear lift in the open literature, which include asymptotic solutions at low bubble Reynolds number, potential flow predictions and numerical studies that deal with intermediate bubble Reynolds numbers.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Nahra, Henry K.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Motil, Brian
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Skor, Mark
(Baldwin-Wallace Coll. Berea, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 23, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2005
Subject Category
Fluid Mechanics And Thermodynamics
Meeting Information
AIAA 17th Microgravity Science and Science and Space Processes Symposium(Unknown)
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 101-53-00
Distribution Limits

Available Downloads

There are no available downloads for this record.
No Preview Available