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Oxygenated Organic Chemicals in the Pacific Troposphere: Distribution, Sources and ChemistryAirborne measurements of a large number of oxygenated organic chemicals (Oxorgs) were carried out in the Pacific troposphere (0.1-12 km) in the Spring of 2001 (Feb. 24-April 10). Specifically these measuremen ts included acetone, methylethyl ketone (MEK), methanol, ethanol, ace taldehyde, propionaldehyde, PANS, and organic nitrates. Complementary measurements of formaldehyde, organic peroxides, and tracers were al so available. Ox-orgs were abundant in the clean troposphere and were greatly enhanced in the outflow regions from Asia. Their mixing ratios were typically highest in the lower troposphere and declined toward s the upper troposphere and the lowermost stratosphere. Their total a bundance (Ox-orgs) significantly exceeded that of NMHC (C2-C8 NMHC). A comparison of these data with observations collected some seven yea rs earlier (Feb.-March, 1994), did not reveal any significant changes . Throughout the troposphere mixing ratios of Ox-orgs were strongly c orrelated with each other as well as with tracers of fossil and bioma sshiof'uel combustion. Analysis of the relative enhancement of selected Oxorgs with respect to CH3Cl and CO in twelve sampled plumes, origi nating from fires, is used to assess their primary and secondary sour ces from biomass combustion. The composition of these plumes also ind icates a large shift of reactive nitrogen into the PAN reservoir ther eby limiting ozone formation. The Harvard 3-D photochemical model, th at uses state of the art chemistry and source information, is used to compare simulated and observed mixing ratios of selected species. A 1 -D model is used to explore the chemistry of aldehydes. These results will be presented.
Document ID
20060019227
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Singh, Hanwant B. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Salas, L. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Chatfield, R. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Czech, E. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Fried, A. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Evans, M. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Jacob, D. J. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Blake, D. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Heikes, B. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Talbot, R. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 23, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2003
Subject Category
Inorganic, Organic and Physical Chemistry
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.