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Linking Asthma Exacerbation and Air Pollution Data: A Step Toward Public Health and Environmental Data IntegrationStudies have shown that reducing exposure to triggers such as air pollutants can reduce symptoms and the need for medication in asthma patients. However, systems that track asthma are generally not integrated with those that track environmental hazards related to asthma. Tlvs lack of integration hinders public health awareness and responsiveness to these environmental triggers. The current study is a collaboration between health and environmental professionals to utilize NASA-derived environmental data to develop a decision support system (DSS) for asthma prediction, surveillance, and intervention. The investigators link asthma morbidity data from the University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) and Mississippi Department of Health (MDH) with air quality data from the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) and remote sensing data from NASA. Daily ambient environmental hazard data for PM2.5 and ozone are obtained from the MDEQ air quality monitoring locations and are combined with remotely sensed data from NASA to develop a state-wide spatial and time series profile of environmental air quality. These data are then used to study the correlation of these measures of air quality variation with the asthma exacerbation incidence throughout the state over time. The goal is to utilize these readily available measures to allow real-time risk assessment for asthma exacerbations. GeoMedStat, a DSS previously developed for biosurveillance, will integrate these measures to monitor, analyze and report the real-time risk assessment for asthma exacerbation throughout the state.
Document ID
20060047479
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Faruque, Fazlay (Mississippi Univ. MS, United States)
Finley, Richard (Mississippi Univ. MS, United States)
Marshall, Gailen (Mississippi Univ. MS, United States)
Brackin, Bruce (Mississippi Univ. MS, United States)
Li, Hui (Mississippi Univ. MS, United States)
Williams, Worth (Mississippi Univ. MS, United States)
Al-Hamdan, Mohammad (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Luvall, Jeffrey (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Rickman, Doug (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Crosson, Bill (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Date Acquired
August 23, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2006
Subject Category
Life Sciences (General)
Meeting Information
3rd National environmental Public Health Tracking Program Conference/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other