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Record Details

Record 13 of 4360
Exploring the Mineralogy of the Moon with M3
Author and Affiliation:
Pieters, C. M.(Brown Univ., Dept. of Geological Sciences, Providence, RI, United States)
Boardman, J.(AIG Inc., Boulder, CO, United States)
Buratti, B.(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA, United States)
Clark, R.(Geological Survey, United States)
Green, R.(AIG Inc., Boulder, CO, United States)
Head, J. W. III(Brown Univ., Dept. of Geological Sciences, Providence, RI, United States)
McCord, T. B.(Space Science Inst., Bear Fight Center, United States)
Mustard, J.(Brown Univ., Dept. of Geological Sciences, Providence, RI, United States)
Runyon, C.(Charleston Coll., Charleston, SC, United States)
Staid, M.(Planetary Science Inst., United States) Show more authors
Abstract: From the initial era or lunar exploration, we have learned that many processes active on the early Moon are common to most terrestrial planets, including the record of early and late impact bombardment. Since most major geologic activity ceased on the Moon approx. 3 Gy ago, the Moon's surface provides a record of the earliest era of terrestrial planet evolution. The type and composition of minerals that comprise a planetary surface are a direct result of the initial composition and subsequent thermal and physical processing. Lunar mineralogy seen today is thus a direct record of the early evolution of the lunar crust and subsequent geologic processes. Specifically, the distribution and concentration of specific minerals is closely tied to magma ocean products, lenses of intruded or remelted plutons, basaltic volcanism and fire-fountaining, and any process (e.g. cratering) that might redistribute or transform primary and secondary lunar crustal materials. The Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3, or "m-cube") is a state-of-the-art imaging spectrometer that will fly on Chandrayaan-1, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) mission to be launched late 2007 to early 2008. M3 is one of several foreign instruments chosen by ISRO to be flown on Chandrayaan-1 to complement the strong ISRO payload package. M3 was selected through a peer-review process as part of NASA s Discovery Program. It is under the oversight of PI Carle Pieters at Brown University and is being built by an experienced team at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Data analysis and calibration are carried out by a highly qualified and knowledgeable Science Team. To characterize diagnostic properties of lunar minerals, M3 acquires high spectral resolution reflectance data from 700 to 3000 nm (optional to 430 nm). M3 operates as a pushbroom spectrometer with a slit oriented orthogonal to the S/C orbital motion. Measurements are obtained simultaneously for 640 cross track spatial elements and 261 spectral elements. This translates to 70 m/pixel spatial resolution from a nominal 100 km polar orbit for Chandrayaan-1 . The primary science goal of M3 is to characterize and map lunar surface mineralogy in the context of its geologic evolution as outlined above. This translates into several sub-topics that focus on exploring the mineral character of the highland crust, characterizing the diversity basaltic volcanism, and identifying potential volatile concentrations near the poles. The primary exploration goal is to assess and map lunar mineral resources at high spatial resolution to support planning for future, targeted missions.
Publication Date: Jan 01, 2006
Document ID:
20060048268
(Acquired Oct 16, 2006)
Subject Category: LUNAR AND PLANETARY SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION
Document Type: Conference Paper
Meeting Information: COSPAR: Committee on Space Research; 16-23 Jul. 2006; Beijing; China
Contract/Grant/Task Num: NNM05AB26C
Financial Sponsor: NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; Huntsville, AL, United States
Organization Source: NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; Huntsville, AL, United States
Description: 1p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: LUNAR SURFACE; MINERALOGY; MOON; LUNAR EXPLORATION; LUNAR GEOLOGY; LUNAR CRUST; IGNEOUS ROCKS; MAGMA; SPECTRAL RESOLUTION; TERRESTRIAL PLANETS; IMAGING SPECTROMETERS; BASALT
Availability Source: Other Sources
Availability Notes: Abstract Only
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