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Post Irradiation Evaluation of Thermal Control Coatings and Solid Lubricants to Support Fission Surface Power SystemsThe development of a nuclear power system for space missions, such as the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter or a lunar outpost, requires substantially more compact reactor design than conventional terrestrial systems. In order to minimize shielding requirements and hence system weight, the radiation tolerance of component materials within the power conversion and heat rejection systems must be defined. Two classes of coatings, thermal control paints and solid lubricants, were identified as material systems for which limited radiation hardness information was available. Screening studies were designed to explore candidate coatings under a predominately fast neutron spectrum. The Ohio State Research Reactor Facility staff performed irradiation in a well characterized, mixed energy spectrum and performed post irradiation analysis of representative coatings for thermal control and solid lubricant applications. Thermal control paints were evaluated for 1 MeV equivalent fluences from 10(exp 13) to 10(exp 15) n per square centimeters. No optical degradation was noted although some adhesive degradation was found at higher fluence levels. Solid lubricant coatings were evaluated for 1 MeV equivalent fluences from 10(exp 15) to 10(exp 16) n per square centimeters with coating adhesion and flexibility used for post irradiation evaluation screening. The exposures studied did not lead to obvious property degradation indicating the coatings would have survived the radiation environment for the previously proposed Jupiter mission. The results are also applicable to space power development programs such as fission surface power for future lunar and Mars missions.
Document ID
20070005014
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Bowman, Cheryl L. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Jaworske, Donald A. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Stanford, Malcolm K. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Persinger, Justin A. (Ohio State Univ. Columbus, OH, United States)
Khorsandi, Behrooz (Ohio State Univ. Columbus, OH, United States)
Blue, Thomas E. (Ohio State Univ. Columbus, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2007
Subject Category
Mechanical Engineering
Meeting Information
Space Technology Applications International Forum(Albuquerque)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 453189.04.03
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Public Use Permitted.

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