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Multi-channel System for Beat to Beat QT Interval Variability and its Use in Screening for Coronary Artery Disease and CardiomyopathyWe investigated the ability of beat-to-beat QT interval variability (QTV) and related parameters to differentiate healthy individuals from patients with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiomyopathy (CM). For this purpose we developed a PC-based ECG software program that in real time, acquires, analyzes and displays QTV in each of the eight independent channels that constitute the 12-lead conventional ECG. The system also analyzes and displays the QTV from QT interval signals that are derived from multiple channels and from singular value decomposition (SVD) to substantially reduce the effect of noise and other artifacts on the QTV results. It also provides other useful SVD-related parameters such as the normalized 3-dimensional volume of the T wave (nTV) = 100*(rho(sub 2)*rho(sub 3)rho(sub 1^2). Advanced high-fidelity 12-lead ECG tests (approx. 5-min supine) were first performed on a "training set" of 99 individuals: 33 with ischemic or dilated CM and low ejection fraction (EF less than 40%); 33 with catheterization-proven obstructive CAD but normal EF; and 33 age-/gender-matched healthy controls. All QTV parameters that were studied for their accuracy in detecting CM and CAD significantly differentiated both CM and CAD from controls (p less than 0.0001). Retrospective areas under the ROC curve (AUC) of SDNN-QTV, rmsSD-QTV, and QTV Index (QTVI) for CM vs. controls in the lead V5 were 0.85, 0.90, and 0.99, respectively, and those for CAD vs. controls in the lead II were 0.82, 0.82, and 0.89. Other advanced ECG parameters, such as HFQRS RAZ score, LF Lomb of RRV or QRS-T angle, differentiated both CM and CAD from controls less significantly, with the respective AUC values of 0.89, 0.88 and 0.98 for CM vs. controls, and 0.73, 0.71 and 0.80 for CAD vs. controls. QTV parameters (especially QTVI, which is QTV as indexed to RRV) were, diagnostically speaking, amongst the best performing of the advanced ECG techniques studied thus far.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Starc, V. (Ljubljana Univ. Ljubljana, Slovenia)
Schlegel, T. T. (NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Arenare, B. (NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Greco, E. C. (Arkansas Technical Univ. Russellville, AR, United States)
DePalma, J. L. (Colorado State Univ. Pueblo, CO, United States)
Nunez, T. (Universidad de Los Andes Merida, Venezuela)
Medina, R. (Universidad de Los Andes Merida, Venezuela)
Jugo, D. (Universidad de Los Andes Merida, Venezuela)
Rahman, M. A. (Texas Univ. Houston, TX, United States)
Delgado, R. (Texas Heart Inst. Houston, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
August 23, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2007
Subject Category
Life Sciences (General)
Meeting Information
Computers in Cardiology(Durham, NC)
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