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Comparison of Water Vapor Measurements by Airborne Sun Photometer and Near-Coincident in Situ and Satellite Sensors during INTEX/ITCT 2004We have retrieved columnar water vapor (CWV) from measurements acquired by the 14-channel NASA Ames Airborne Tracking Sun photometer (AATS-14) during 19 Jetstream 31 (J31) flights over the Gulf of Maine in summer 2004 in support of the Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment (INTEX)/Intercontinental Transport and Chemical Transformation (ITCT) experiments. In this paper we compare AATS-14 water vapor retrievals during aircraft vertical profiles with measurements by an onboard Vaisala HMP243 humidity sensor and by ship radiosondes and with water vapor profiles retrieved from AIRS measurements during eight Aqua overpasses. We also compare AATS CWV and MODIS infrared CWV retrievals during five Aqua and five Terra overpasses. For 35 J31 vertical profiles, mean (bias) and RMS AATS-minus-Vaisala layer-integrated water vapor (LWV) differences are -7.1 percent and 8.8 percent, respectively. For 22 aircraft profiles within 1 hour and 130 km of radiosonde soundings, AATS-minus-sonde bias and RMS LWV differences are -5.4 percent and 10.7 percent, respectively, and corresponding J31 Vaisala-minus-sonde differences are 2.3 percent and 8.4 percent, respectively. AIRS LWV retrievals within 80 lan of J31 profiles yield lower bias and RMS differences compared to AATS or Vaisala retrievals than do AIRS retrievals within 150 km of the J31. In particular, for AIRS-minus-AATS LWV differences, the bias decreases from 8.8 percent to 5.8 percent, and the RMS difference decreases from 2 1.5 percent to 16.4 percent. Comparison of vertically resolved AIRS water vapor retrievals (LWVA) to AATS values in fixed pressure layers yields biases of -2 percent to +6 percent and RMS differences of -20 percent below 700 hPa. Variability and magnitude of these differences increase significantly above 700 hPa. MODIS IR retrievals of CWV in 205 grid cells (5 x 5 km at nadir) are biased wet by 10.4 percent compared to AATS over-ocean near-surface retrievals. The MODIS-Aqua subset (79 grid cells) exhibits a wet bias of 5.1 percent, and the MODIS-Terra subset (126 grid cells) yields a wet bias of 13.2 percent.
Document ID
20080002106
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Authors
Livingston, J. (SRI International Corp. Menlo Park, CA, United States)
Schmid, B. (Bay Area Environmental Research Inst. Sonoma , CA, United States)
Redemann, J. (Bay Area Environmental Research Inst. Sonoma , CA, United States)
Russell, P. B. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Ramirez, S. A. (Bay Area Environmental Research Inst. Sonoma , CA, United States)
Eilers, J. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Gore, W. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Howard, S. (Bay Area Environmental Research Inst. Sonoma , CA, United States)
Pommier, J. (Bay Area Environmental Research Inst. Sonoma , CA, United States)
Fetzer, E. J. (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Seeman, S. W. (Wisconsin Univ. Madison, WI, United States)
Borbas, E. (Wisconsin Univ. Madison, WI, United States)
Wolfe, D. E. (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, CO, United States)
Thompson, A. M. (Pennsylvania State Univ. University Park, PA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
June 6, 2007
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume: 112
Subject Category
Meteorology and Climatology
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NNG04GM63G
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other