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iss contingency attitude control recovery method for loss of automatic thruster controlIn this paper, the attitude control issues associated with International Space Station (ISS) loss of automatic thruster control capability are discussed and methods for attitude control recovery are presented. This scenario was experienced recently during Shuttle mission STS-117 and ISS Stage 13A in June 2007 when the Russian GN&C computers, which command the ISS thrusters, failed. Without automatic propulsive attitude control, the ISS would not be able to regain attitude control after the Orbiter undocked. The core issues associated with recovering long-term attitude control using CMGs are described as well as the systems engineering analysis to identify recovery options. It is shown that the recovery method can be separated into a procedure for rate damping to a safe harbor gravity gradient stable orientation and a capability to maneuver the vehicle to the necessary initial conditions for long term attitude hold. A manual control option using Soyuz and Progress vehicle thrusters is investigated for rate damping and maneuvers. The issues with implementing such an option are presented and the key issue of closed-loop stability is addressed. A new non-propulsive alternative to thruster control, Zero Propellant Maneuver (ZPM) attitude control method is introduced and its rate damping and maneuver performance evaluated. It is shown that ZPM can meet the tight attitude and rate error tolerances needed for long term attitude control. A combination of manual thruster rate damping to a safe harbor attitude followed by a ZPM to Stage long term attitude control orientation was selected by the Anomaly Resolution Team as the alternate attitude control method for such a contingency.
Document ID
Document Type
Bedrossian, Nazareth
(Draper (Charles Stark) Lab., Inc. Houston, TX, United States)
Bhatt, Sagar
(Draper (Charles Stark) Lab., Inc. Houston, TX, United States)
Alaniz, Abran
(Draper (Charles Stark) Lab., Inc. Houston, TX, United States)
McCants, Edward
(Draper (Charles Stark) Lab., Inc. Houston, TX, United States)
Nguyen, Louis
(NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Chamitoff, Greg
(NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
February 1, 2008
Subject Category
Avionics and Aircraft Instrumentation
Meeting Information
31st Annual American Astronomical Society GN&C Meeting(Breckenridge, Co)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 401769.
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.

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