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Record Details

Record 47 of 1477
New Directions for NASA's Advanced Life Support Program
Author and Affiliation:
Barta, Daniel J.(NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States)
Abstract: Advanced Life Support (ALS), an element of Human Systems Research and Technology s (HSRT) Life Support and Habitation Program (LSH), has been NASA s primary sponsor of life support research and technology development for the agency. Over its history, ALS sponsored tasks across a diverse set of institutions, including field centers, colleges and universities, industry, and governmental laboratories, resulting in numerous publications and scientific articles, patents and new technologies, as well as education and training for primary, secondary and graduate students, including minority serving institutions. Prior to the Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) announced on January 14th, 2004 by the President, ALS had been focused on research and technology development for long duration exploration missions, emphasizing closed-loop regenerative systems, including both biological and physicochemical. Taking a robust and flexible approach, ALS focused on capabilities to enable visits to multiple potential destinations beyond low Earth orbit. ALS developed requirements, reference missions, and assumptions upon which to structure and focus its development program. The VSE gave NASA a plan for steady human and robotic space exploration based on specific, achievable goals. Recently, the Exploration Systems Architecture Study (ESAS) was chartered by NASA s Administrator to determine the best exploration architecture and strategy to implement the Vision. The study identified key technologies required to enable and significantly enhance the reference exploration missions and to prioritize near-term and far-term technology investments. This technology assessment resulted in a revised Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) technology investment plan. A set of new technology development projects were initiated as part of the plan s implementation, replacing tasks previously initiated under HSRT and its sister program, Exploration Systems Research and Technology (ESRT). The Exploration Life Support (ELS) Project, under the Exploration Technology Development Program, has recently been initiated to perform directed life support technology development in support of Constellation and the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV). ELS) has replaced ALS, with several major differences. Thermal Control Systems have been separated into a new stand alone project (Thermal Systems for Exploration Missions). Tasks in Advanced Food Technology have been relocated to the Human Research Program. Tasks in a new discipline area, Habitation Engineering, have been added. Research and technology development for capabilities required for longer duration stays on the Moon and Mars, including bioregenerative system, have been deferred.
Publication Date: Feb 05, 2006
Document ID:
20080026009
(Acquired Jul 21, 2008)
Subject Category: MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT
Document Type: Conference Paper
Meeting Information: Habitation 2006 International ALS Working; 5010 Feb. 2006; Orlando, FL; United States
Meeting Sponsor: American Inst. of Aeronautics and Astronautics; United States
NASA; United States
Financial Sponsor: NASA Johnson Space Center; Houston, TX, United States
Organization Source: NASA Johnson Space Center; Houston, TX, United States
Description: 2p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEMS; FEEDBACK CONTROL; ROBOTICS; TEMPERATURE CONTROL; LOW EARTH ORBITS; REGENERATION (PHYSIOLOGY); SPACE EXPLORATION; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; EDUCATION; RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Availability Source: Other Sources
Availability Notes: Abstract Only
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