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Simulation of the Impact of New Ocean Surface Wind Measurements on H*Wind AnalysesThe H*Wind analysis, a product of the Hurricane Research Division of NOAA's Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, brings together wind measurements from a variety of observation platforms into an objective analysis of the distribution of surface wind speeds in a tropical cyclone. This product is designed to improve understanding of the extent and strength of the wind field, and to improve the assessment of hurricane intensity. See http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/data sub/wind.html. The Hurricane Imaging Radiometer (HIRAD) is a new passive microwave remote sensor for hurricane observations that is currently under development by NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, NOAA Hurricane Research Division, the University of Central Florida and the University of Michigan. HIRAD is being designed to enhance the current real-time airborne ocean surface winds observation capabilities of NOAA and USAF Weather Squadron hurricane hunter aircraft using the operational airbome Stepped Frequency Microwave Radiometer (SFMR). Unlike SFMR, which measures wind speed and rain rate along the ground track directly beneath the aircraft, HIRAD will provide images of the surface wind and rain field over a wide swath (approximately 3 x the aircraft altitude, or approximately 2 km from space). The instrument is described in a separate paper presented at this conference. The present paper describes a set of Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) in which measurements from the new instrument as well as those from existing instruments (air, surface, and space-based) are simulated from the output of a numerical model from the University of Miami, and those results are used to construct H*Wind analyses. Evaluations will be presented on the relative impact of HIRAD and other instruments on H*Wind analyses, including the use of HIRAD from 2 aircraft altitudes and from a space-based platform.
Document ID
20080030985
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Miller, Timothy (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Atlas, Robert (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Black, Peter (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Chen, Shuyi (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Hood, Robbie (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Johnson, James (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Jones, Linwood (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Ruf, Chris (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Uhlhorn, Eric (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
April 28, 2008
Subject Category
Meteorology and Climatology
Meeting Information
28th Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology(Orlando, FL)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.