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Record 1 of 2069
Ground-based Network and Supersite Measurements for Studying Aerosol Properties and Aerosol-Cloud Interactions
Author and Affiliation:
Tsay, Si-Chee(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Holben, Brent N.(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Abstract: From radiometric principles, it is expected that the retrieved properties of extensive aerosols and clouds from reflected/emitted measurements by satellite (and/or aircraft) should be consistent with those retrieved from transmitted/emitted radiance observed at the surface. Although space-borne remote sensing observations contain large spatial domain, they are often plagued by contamination of surface signatures. Thus, ground-based in-situ and remote-sensing measurements, where signals come directly from atmospheric constituents, the sun, and the Earth-atmosphere interactions, provide additional information content for comparisons that confirm quantitatively the usefulness of the integrated surface, aircraft, and satellite datasets. The development and deployment of AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork) sunphotometer network and SMART-COMMIT (Surface-sensing Measurements for Atmospheric Radiative Transfer - Chemical, Optical & Microphysical Measurements of In-situ Troposphere) mobile supersite are aimed for the optimal utilization of collocated ground-based observations as constraints to yield higher fidelity satellite retrievals and to determine any sampling bias due to target conditions. To characterize the regional natural and anthropogenic aerosols, AERONET is an internationally federated network of unique sunphotometry that contains more than 250 permanent sites worldwide. Since 1993, there are more than 480 million aerosol optical depth observations and about 15 sites have continuous records longer than 10 years for annual/seasonal trend analyses. To quantify the energetics of the surface-atmosphere system and the atmospheric processes, SMART-COMMIT instrument into three categories: flux radiometer, radiance sensor and in-situ probe. Through participation in many satellite remote-sensing/retrieval and validation projects over eight years, SMART-COMMIT have gradually refine( and been proven vital for field deployment. In this paper, we will demonstrate the capability of AERONET SMART-COMMIT in current Asian Monsoon Year-2008 campaigns that are designed and being executed to study the compelling variability in temporal scale of both anthropogenic and natural aerosols (e.g., airborne dust, smoke, mega-city pollutant). Feedback mechanisms between aerosol radiative effects and monsoon dynamics have been recently proposed, however there is a lack of consensus on whether aerosol forcing would be more likely to enhance or reduce the strength of the monsoon circulation. We envision robust approaches which well-collocated ground-based measurements and space-borne observations will greatly advance our understanding of absorbing aerosols (e.g., "Global Dimming" vs. "Elevated Heat-Pump" effects) on aerosol cloud water cycle interactions.
Publication Date: Jun 01, 2008
Document ID:
20080031633
(Acquired Aug 14, 2008)
Subject Category: METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY
Document Type: Conference Paper
Meeting Information: From Deserts to Monsoons: Aerosols and Their Impacts at Regional and Global Scales; 1-6 Jun. 2008; Crete; Greece
Meeting Sponsor: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; Greenbelt, MD, United States
George Mason Univ.; VA, United States
Financial Sponsor: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; Greenbelt, MD, United States
Organization Source: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; Greenbelt, MD, United States
Description: 1p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: No Copyright
NASA Terms: AEROSOLS; ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION; MONSOONS; REMOTE SENSING; IN SITU MEASUREMENT; AIR LAND INTERACTIONS; TROPOSPHERE; RADIOMETRIC RESOLUTION; GROUND STATIONS
Availability Source: Other Sources
Availability Notes: Abstract Only
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