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time variability of the dust sublimation zones in pre-main sequence disk systemsThe dust sublimation zone (DSZ) is the region of pre-main sequence (PMS) disks where dust grains most easily anneal, sublime, and condense out of the gas. Because of this, it is a location where crystalline material may be enhanced and redistributed throughout the rest of the disk. A decade-long program to monitor the thermal emission of the grains located in this region demonstrates that large changes in emitted flux occur in many systems. Changes in the thermal emission between 3 and 13.5 microns were observed in HD 31648 (MWC 480), HD 163296 (MWC 275), and DG Tau. This emission is consistent with it being produced at the DSZ, where the transition from a disk of gas to one of gas+dust occurs. In the case of DG Tau, the outbursts were accompanied by increased emission on the 10 micron silicate band on one occasion, while on another occasion it went into absorption. This requires lofting of the material above the disk into the line of sight. Such changes will affect the determination of the inner disk structure obtained through interferometry measurements, and this has been confirmed in the case of HD 163296. Cyclic variations in the heating of the DSZ will lead to the annealing of large grains, the sublimation of smaller grains, possibly followed by re-condensation as the zone enters a cooling phase. Lofting of dust above the disk plane, and outward acceleration by stellar winds and radiation pressure, can re-distribute the processed material to cooler regions of the disk, where cometesimals form. This processing is consistent with the detection of the preferential concentration of large crystalline grains in the inner few AU of PMS disks using interferometric spectroscopy with the VLTI.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Sitko, Michael L.
(Cincinnati Univ. OH, United States)
Carpenter, W. J.
(Cincinnati Univ. OH, United States)
Grady, C. A.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Russel, R. W.
(Aerospace Corp. United States)
Lynch, D. K.
(Aerospace Corp. United States)
Rudy, R. J.
(Aerospace Corp. United States)
Mazuk, S. M.
(Aerospace Corp. United States)
Venturini, C. C.
(Aerospace Corp. United States)
Kimes, R. L.
(Cincinnati Univ. OH, United States)
Beerman, L. C.
(Cincinnati Univ. OH, United States)
Ablordeppey, K. E.
(Cincinnati Univ. OH, United States)
Puetter, R. C.
(California Univ. CA, United States)
Wisnewski, P.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Brafford, S. M.
(Attorney at Law United States)
Polomski, E. R.
(Wisconsin Univ. NM, United States)
Hammel, H. B.
(Space Science Inst. United States)
Perry, R. B.
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Wilde, J. L.
(Bowling Green State Univ. OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
October 7, 2007
Subject Category
Meeting Information
39th Annual DPS meeting(Orlando, FL)
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits