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Simulation Studies of Forest Structure using 3D Lidar and Radar ModelsThe use of lidars and radars to measure forest structure attributes such as height and biomass are being considered for future Earth Observation missions. Large footprint lidar makes a direct measurement of the heights of scatterers in the illuminated footprint and can yield information about the vertical profile of the canopy. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is known to sense the canopy volume, especially at longer wavelengths and is useful for estimating biomass. Interferometric SAR (InSAR) has been shown to yield forest canopy height information. For example, the height of scattering phase retrieved from InSAR data is considered to be correlated with the three height and the spatial structure of the forest stand. There is much interest in exploiting these technologies separately and together to get important information for carbon cycle and ecosystem science. More detailed information of the electromagnetic radiation interactions within forest canopies is needed. And backscattering models can be of much utility here. As part of a NASA funded project to explore data fusion, a three-dimensional (3D) coherent radar backscattering model and a 3D lidar backscatter models were used to investigate the use of large footprint lidar, SAR and InSAR for characterizing realistic forest scenes. For this paper, we use stem maps and other forest measurements to develop a realistic spatial structure of a spruce-hemlock forest canopy found in Maine, USA. The radar and lidar models used measurements of the 3D forest scene as input and simulated the coherent radar backscattering signature and 1064nm energy backscatter, respectively. The relationships of backscatter derived forest structure were compared with field measurements. In addition, we also had detailed airborne lidar (Laser Imaging Vegetation Sensor, LVIS) data available over the stem map sites that was used to study the accuracies of tree height derived from modeled SAR backscatter and the scattering phase center retrieved from the simulated InSAR data will be compared with the height indices, or other structure parameters derived from the lidar data. These results will address the possible synergies between lidar and radar in data in terms of forest structural information.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Sun, Guoqing (Maryland Univ. MD, United States)
Ranson, K. Jon (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Koetz, Benjamin (Zurich Univ. Switzerland)
Liu, Dawei (Brown Univ. United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
July 23, 2007
Subject Category
Earth Resources and Remote Sensing
Meeting Information
International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARRS)(Barcelona)
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