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Heat Rejection Systems Utilizing Composites and Heat Pipes: Design and Performance TestingPolymer matrix composites offer the promise of reducing the mass and increasing the performance of future heat rejection systems. With lifetimes for heat rejection systems reaching a decade or more in a micrometeoroid environment, use of multiple heat pipes for fault tolerant design is compelling. The combination of polymer matrix composites and heat pipes is of particular interest for heat rejection systems operating on the lunar surface. A technology development effort is under way to study the performance of two radiator demonstration units manufactured with different polymer matrix composite face sheet resin and bonding adhesives, along with different titanium-water heat pipe designs. Common to the two radiator demonstration units is the use of high thermal conductivity fibers in the face sheets and high thermal conductivity graphite saddles within a light weight aluminum honeycomb core. Testing of the radiator demonstration units included thermal vacuum exposure and thermal vacuum exposure with a simulated heat pipe failure. Steady state performance data were obtained at different operating temperatures to identify heat transfer and thermal resistance characteristics. Heat pipe failure was simulated by removing the input power from an individual heat pipe in order to identify the diminished performance characteristics of the entire panel after a micrometeoroid strike. Freeze-thaw performance was also of interest. This paper presents a summary of the two radiator demonstration units manufactured to support this technology development effort along with the thermal performance characteristics obtained to date. Future work will also be discussed.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Jaworske, Donald A.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Beach, Duane E.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Sanzi, James L.
(Sest, Inc. Middleburgh Heights, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
June 25, 2007
Subject Category
Composite Materials
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
5th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference(Missouri)
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.

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