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AIRS Impact on the Analysis and Forecast Track of Tropical Cyclone Nargis in a Global Data Assimilation and Forecasting SystemTropical cyclones in the northern Indian Ocean pose serious challenges to operational weather forecasting systems, partly due to their shorter lifespan and more erratic track, compared to those in the Atlantic and the Pacific. Moreover, the automated analyses of cyclones over the northern Indian Ocean, produced by operational global data assimilation systems (DASs), are generally of inferior quality than in other basins. In this work it is shown that the assimilation of Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) temperature retrievals under partial cloudy conditions can significantly impact the representation of the cyclone Nargis (which caused devastating loss of life in Myanmar in May 2008) in a global DAS. Forecasts produced from these improved analyses by a global model produce substantially smaller track errors. The impact of the assimilation of clear-sky radiances on the same DAS and forecasting system is positive, but smaller than the one obtained by ingestion of AIRS retrievals, possibly due to poorer coverage.
Document ID
20090009340
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Authors
Reale, O. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Lau, W.K. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Susskind, J. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Brin, E. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Liu, E. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Riishojgaard, L. P. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Rosenburg, R. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Fuentes, M. (Howard Univ. Washington, DC, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2009
Subject Category
Meteorology and Climatology
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: MAP/04-0180-0070
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other