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Measuring the Photocatalytic Breakdown of Crystal Violet Dye using a Light Emitting Diode ApproachA simple method to estimate the photocatalytic reactivity performance of spray-on titanium dioxide coatings for transmissive glass surfaces was developed. This novel technique provides a standardized method to evaluate the efficiency of photocatalytic material systems over a variety of illumination levels. To date, photocatalysis assessments have generally been conducted using mercury black light lamps. Illumination levels for these types of lamps are difficult to vary, consequently limiting their use for assessing material performance under a diverse range of simulated environmental conditions. This new technique uses an ultraviolet (UV) gallium nitride (GaN) light emitting diode (LED) array instead of a traditional black light to initiate and sustain photocatalytic breakdown. This method was tested with a UV-resistant dye (crystal violet) applied to a titanium dioxide coated glass slide. Experimental control is accomplished by applying crystal violet to both titanium dioxide coated slides and uncoated control slides. A slide is illuminated by the UV LED array, at various light levels representative of outdoor and indoor conditions, from the dye side of the slide. To monitor degradation of the dye over time, a temperature-stabilized white light LED, whose emission spectrum overlaps with the dye absorption spectrum, is used to illuminate the opposite side of the slide. Using a spectrometer, the amount of light from the white light LED transmitted through the slide as the dye degrades is monitored as a function of wavelength and time and is subsequently analyzed. In this way, the rate of degradation for photocatalytically coated versus uncoated slide surfaces can be compared. Results demonstrate that the dye absorption decreased much more rapidly on the photocatalytically coated slides than on the control uncoated slides, and that dye degradation is dependent on illumination level. For photocatalytic activity assessment purposes, this experimental configuration and methodology minimizes many external variable effects and enables small changes in absorption to be measured. This research also compares the advantages of this innovative LED light source design over traditional mercury black light systems and non- LED lamp approaches. This novel technology begins to address the growing need for a standard method that can assess the performance of photocatalytic materials before deployment for large scale, real world use.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Ryan, Robert E. (NASA Stennis Space Center Stennis Space Center, MS, United States)
Underwood, Lauren W. (NASA Stennis Space Center Stennis Space Center, MS, United States)
O'Neal, Duane (NASA Stennis Space Center Stennis Space Center, MS, United States)
Pagnutti, Mary (NASA Stennis Space Center Stennis Space Center, MS, United States)
Davis, Bruce A. (NASA Stennis Space Center Stennis Space Center, MS, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2009
Subject Category
Chemistry and Materials (General)
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
30th SETAC (Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry) North American Annual Meeting(New Orleans, LA)
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits